A toy dog, fine-boned, elegant and graceful.
The distinct varieties are born in the same litter. The Hairless
with hair only on the head, tail and feet and the Powderpuff,
completely covered with hair. The breed serves as a loving companion,
playful and entertaining.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Size - Ideally 11 to 13 inches. However, dogs that
are slightly larger or smaller may be given full consideration.
Proportion - rectangular-proportioned to allow for freedom of movement.
Body length from withers to base of tail is slightly longer than
the height at the withers. Substance - Fine-boned and slender but
not so refined as to appear breakable or alternatively, not a robust,
Expression - Alert and intense. Eyes - Almond-shaped,
set wide apart. Dark-colored dogs have dark-colored eyes, and lighter-colored
dogs may have lighter-colored eyes. Eye rims match the coloring
of the dog. Ears - Uncropped large and erect, placed so that the
base of the ear is level with the outside corner of the eye. Skull
- The skull is arched gently over the occiput from ear to ear.
Distance from occiput to stop equal to distance from stop to tip
of nose. The head is wedge-shaped viewed from above and the side.
Stop - Slight but distinct. Muzzle - Cheeks taper cleanly into
the muzzle. Nose - Dark in dark-colored dogs; may be lighter in
lighter-colored dogs. Pigment is solid. Lips - Lips are clean and
tight. Bite - Scissors or level in both varieties. Missing teeth
in the Powderpuff are to be faulted. The Hairless variety is not
to be penalized for absence of full dentition.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck - Neck is lean and
clean, slightly arched from the withers to the base of the skull
and carried high.
Topline - Level to slightly
Body - Brisket extends
to the elbow. Breastbone is not prominent. Ribs are well developed.
The depth of the chest tapers to a moderate tuck-up at the flanks.
Light in loin. Tail - Tail is slender and tapers to a curve. It
is long enough to reach the hock. When dog is in motion, the tail
is carried gaily and may be carried slightly forward over the back.
At rest the tail is down with a slight curve upward at the end
resembling a sickle. In the Hairless variety, two-thirds of the
end of the tail is covered by long, flowing feathering referred
to as a plume. The Powderpuff variety's tail is completely covered
Angulation - Layback
of shoulders is 45 degrees to point of shoulder allowing for good
reach. Shoulders - Clean and narrow. Elbows - Close to body. Legs
- Long, slender and straight. Pasterns - Upright, fine and strong.
Dewclaws may be removed. Feet - Hare foot, narrow with elongated
toes. Nails are trimmed to moderate length.
Angulation - Stifle moderately
angulated. From hock joint to ground perpendicular. Dewclaws may
be removed. Feet - Same as forequarters.
Coat[Top of page]
The Hairless variety has hair on
certain portions of the body: the head (called a crest), the tail
(called a plume) and the feet from the toes to the front pasterns and
rear hock joints (called socks). The texture of all hair is
soft and silky, flowing to any length. Placement of hair is not
as important as overall type. Areas that have hair usually taper
off slightly. Wherever the body is hairless, the skin is soft
and smooth. Head Crest begins at the stop and tapers off between
the base of the skull and the back of the neck. Hair on the
ears and face is permitted on the Hairless and may be trimmed for
neatness in both varieties. Tail Plume is described under Tail.
The Powderpuff variety is completely covered with a double
and silky coat. Close examination reveals long thin guard hairs
over the short silky undercoat. The coat is straight, of moderate
density and length. Excessively heavy, kinky or curly coat
is to be penalized. Grooming is minimal-consisting of presenting
a clean and neat appearance.
Any color or combination of colors.
Lively, agile and smooth without being stilted or
hackneyed. Comes and goes at a trot moving in a straight line.
Temperament[top of page]
Gay and alert.
American Kennel Club (http://www.akc.org)